Disc herniation or herniated disc is a common condition that affects any part of the spine. In most cases, it affects the neck region and the lower part of the back. This condition is also referred to as ruptured disc or slipped disc. Herniated disc occurs when the cushion between the vertebrae goes out of its position and puts pressure on the nerves near it.
What Causes Herniated Disc?
In most cases, disc herniation is a result of injuries caused by overuse or trauma to the spine. There are situations where the disc problems are caused by aging. Experts have also explained that there might be a genetic factor involved in the occurrence of herniated disc. It is known that a herniated disc in the lower part of the back will heal within six months. This healing is because the herniation will shrink over time through resorption.
As you age, the discs in the spine will have less fluid volume. This is a process that starts at 30 years and slowly progresses as you age. As the fluid in the discs dries out, there might be development of microscopic tears and cracks on the outer part. This leaves the disc brittle and susceptible to injury. The following are the most common causes of disc herniation:
- Normal wear and tear: This is caused by age and as the discs dry out they become less flexible
- Repetitive motion: Your lifestyle, work and some sports can stress the spine in the lower back. This will weaken the already vulnerable discs.
- Wrong lifting: If you want to lift heavy objects, you should not lift while bending at the waist. Proper lifting involves a straight back and lifting with the legs.
- Injury: Tauma is known to lead to the bulging and tearing of discs.
- Obesity: When your body is too heavy, the excess weight will add extra strain to the spine and this can damage the discs.
- Genetics: It has been found that there are some genes in people who exhibit disc degeneration. Though this is the case, there is a need for more research to find what role is played by these genes and this could be a breakthrough in future treatments.
Symptoms of Disc Herniation
Pain is the most common symptom, but it varies depending on the location of the herniated disc. When the injury is minimal, little or no pain is experienced. There are chances of the pain being felt in the extremity depending on the nerve affected. Other symptoms may include dull ache and sometimes severe pain, tingling, numbness and burning sensation. Muscle Weakness, spasm, and altered reflexes, loss of bladder or bowel control.
Wellness In Motion Chiropractic Center is dedicated to providing comprehensive non-invasive treatment that will help relieve the disc herniation symptoms and help you heal. Our experts will guide you on the dos and don’ts that will help your situations and give the discs enough time to heal through physical therapy and massage therapy.
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